Concrete nouns are nouns that are tangible and can be perceived. They can be perceived by the five senses – sight, hearing, taste, smell and touch. They have a real existence.
- cake, river, tree, mountain, castle, door, table, judge, file, dog, phone… anything you can perceive with your senses
- I saw a dog.
- I heard the phone rang.
- The cake was delicious.
- The flower is very fragrant.
- The plate was still hot when I touched it.
Abstract nouns are nouns that cannot be perceived. They are things that you cannot see, hear, touch, smell or taste. They do not have a plural form.
- love, trust, hope, beauty, hunger… anything you cannot perceive
- Love makes the world go round.
- Trust is essential in every relationship.
- Beauty is in the eyes of the beholder.
- Justice is sometimes hard to achieve.