Noun: Concrete and Abstract

Concrete Nouns

Concrete nouns are nouns that are tangible and can be perceived. They can be perceived by the five senses – sight, hearing, taste, smell and touch. They have a real existence.


  • cake, river, tree, mountain, castle, door, table, judge, file, dog, phone… anything you can perceive with your senses
  • I saw a dog.
  • I heard the phone rang.
  • The cake was delicious.
  • The flower is very fragrant.
  • The plate was still hot when I touched it.


Abstract Nouns

Abstract nouns are nouns that cannot be perceived. They are things that you cannot see, hear, touch, smell or taste. They do not have a plural form.


  • love, trust, hope, beauty, hunger… anything you cannot perceive
  • Love makes the world go round.
  • Trust is essential in every relationship.
  • Beauty is in the eyes of the beholder.
  • Justice is sometimes hard to achieve.




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